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陕西专升本英语高频词汇100例

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陕西专升本大学英语高频词汇表
1.alter v. 改变,改动,变更  (例) These clothes are too large; they must be altered. 这些衣服太大,得修改。
2.burst vi.,n. 突然发生,爆裂They burst out laughing. 他们突然大笑起来。(搭配)a burst of laughter 突发的笑声
3.dispose vi. 除掉;处置;解决;处理(of)  We have to dispose of this pile of old papers and magazines. 我们得把这堆旧报纸和杂志处理掉  Man proposes. God disposes. 谋事在人,成事在天。
4.blast n. 爆炸;气流 vi. 炸,炸掉  The blast from the bomb blew out all the windows in the area. 炸弹爆炸的冲击波震破了这个地区的所有窗户。They've blasted away the rock to build the new road.他们已炸掉这块岩石以便修一条新的路。
5.consume v. 消耗,耗尽His old car consumed much gasoline. 他的旧汽车耗油很多。
6.split v. 劈开;割裂;分裂 a.裂开的We split the wood into long thin pieces. 我们把木头劈成长长的薄片。
7.spit v. 吐(唾液等);唾弃He spat into the river. 他把痰吐到河里
8.spill v. 溢出,溅出,倒出I spilt the coffee - it spilt all over my book.我洒了咖啡,溅了我一书。
9.slip v. 滑动,滑落;忽略She slipped on the wet floor and fell.她滑倒在湿地板上了。
10.slide v. 滑动,滑落 n. 滑动;滑面;幻灯片She fell over and slid across the shiny floor.她跌倒了,滑过了发亮的地板。   have a slide on the ice 在冰上滑行
  1. bacteria n. 细菌
12.breed n. 种,品种 v. 繁殖,产仔The islanders are a strong breed of people.这些岛上的居民是一种体格强壮的人。
Some animals will not breed in cages.有些动物在笼子里不产崽。
13.budget n. 预算 v. 编预算,作安排(搭配)a government budget 政府预算We should learn how to save money by budgeting .我们应该通过安排开支而节省钱
14.candidate n. 候选人He offers himself as a candidate for the chairman. 他自荐为主席候选人。
15.campus n. 校园  (搭配)在校园中  on campus
16.liberal a. 慷慨的;丰富的;自由的
17.transform v. 转变,变革;变换She transformed the room by painting it.她油漆了房间使它为之一新。
18.transmit v. 传播,播送;传递The World Cup final is being transmitted live to over fifty countries. 世界杯决赛现正向五十多个国家作实况转播。
19.transplant v. 移植The doctor succeeded in transplanting a kidney from one twin to another. 医生成功地把孪生儿之一的肾脏移植到另一人身上。
20.transport vt. 运输,运送 n. 运输,运输工具The goods were transported by train.  货物是用火车运来的。
21.shift v. 转移;转动;转变The wind shifted to the north. 风转向北吹。Shall I shift the chairs? 我把椅子移动一下好吗?
22.vary v. 变化,改变;使多样化The weather varies from day to day. 天气一天天变化。
23.vanish vi. 消灭,不见I thought it would rain, but the clouds have vanished and it's a fine day. 我原以为天要下雨的,可是云消失了,是个好天。
24.swallow v. 吞下,咽下 n. 燕子She swallowed some milk. 她咽下几口牛奶。
25.suspicion n. 怀疑,疑心Suspicion crept into his mind. 不由得他不产生怀疑。(搭配)above suspicion 无可置疑
under suspicion受到怀疑
26.suspicious a. 怀疑的,可疑的I am suspicious of that woman。我很怀疑那位妇女。
27.mild a. 温暖的,暖和的;温柔的,味淡的The weather is mild today;it is neither hot nor cold. 今天天气很温暖,不冷也不热。
28.tender a. 温柔的;脆弱的a tender mother 慈母 a tender expression on her face她脸上温柔的表情  tender flowers 柔弱的花朵
29.nuisance n.讨厌(的人或事物)What a nuisance! I've forgotten my ticket.真讨厌,我忘记带票了。
30.insignificant a. 无意义的,无足轻重的;无价值的in-无+significant 有意义的,意义深长的--〉无关紧要的;无用的
31.accelerate vt. 加速,促进No one knows how to accelerate the rate of growth. 没人知道如何提高生长率。
32.absolute a. 绝对的,无条件的;完全的You are an absolute fool! 你是个十足的傻瓜!
33.boundary n. 分界线,边界这道栅栏是我的地和她的地的分界线。
34.brake n. 刹车,制动器 v. 刹住(车)His brakes failed on a steep hill. 他的车闸在陡峭的山坡失灵了。
35.catalog n. 目录(册) v. 编目It is the catalog of all the books in the library. 这就是图书馆里所有书籍的目录。
36.vague a. 模糊的,不明确的a vague idea 模糊的想法He was a little vague when I asked what had happened.我问他出了什么事时,他一无所知。
  1. vain n. 徒劳,白费All our work was in vain. 我们所有的工作都白费了。
38.extinct a. 绝灭的,熄灭的Some of the species of birds are extinct. 有几种鸟类已经绝种了。
39.extraordinary a. 不平常的,特别的,非凡的What an extraordinary idea! 多么离奇的想法!
  1. extreme a. 极度的,极端的 n. 极端,过分
41.agent n. 代理人,代理商;动因,原因My agent has power to sign my name.  我的代理人有权代我签字。
Rain and sun are the agents which help plants to grow.雨水和太阳是促使植物成长的因素。
42.alcohol n. 含酒精的饮料,酒精I never touch alcohol. 我从不饮酒。
43.appeal n./vi. 呼吁,恳求The government is appealing to everyone to save water.政府呼吁每个人节约用水。
44.appreciate vt. 感谢,赏识,欣赏I appreciate your help. 我感谢你的帮助。Do you appreciate good wine? 你会鉴赏好酒吗?
45.approve v. 赞成,同意,批准I don't approve of smoking. 我不赞成抽烟。My parents don't approve of me smoking cigarettes.我的父母不准许我吸烟。
46.stimulate vt. 刺激,激励Praise always stimulates him to make greater efforts. 表扬能激励他更加努力。
47.acquire vt. 取得,获得;学到She acquired a knowledge of the English by careful study.她认真学习而精通英语。
48.accomplish vt .完成,到达;实行I accomplished two hours' work before dinner.我在吃饭前完成了两小时的工作。
to accomplish a purpose 达到目的
49.network n. 网状物;广播网,电视网;网络a network of railroads  铁路网
50.tide n. 潮汐;潮流The tide is down. 潮退了。(搭配)swim/go with with the tide 顺应潮流,随波逐流
51.tidy a. 整洁的,整齐的What a tidy room! 多么整洁的房间呀!
52.trace vt. 追踪,找到 n. 痕迹,踪迹They traced the criminal to a house in  the city.他们追踪罪犯到了城里的一座房子里。They searched the building but did  not find any trace of the criminal. 他们搜查了这座楼房,可是没有发现罪犯的一点踪迹。
53.torture n./vt. 拷打,折磨She died under torture. 她受严刑拷打致死。
54.wander vi. 漫游,闲逛The children wandered in the woods. 孩子们在森林里漫步。
55.wax n. 蜡Candles are made from wax. 蜡烛是蜡做的。
56.weave v. 织,编I wove a mat. 我编了一张席子。
57.preserve v. 保护,保存,保持,维持The Town Council spent a lot of money to preserve the old castle。市政委员会花了不少钱来维修那座古城堡。You can preserve meat or fish in salt. 你可以用盐保存肉或鱼。 It is one of the duties of the police to preserve public order.警察的职责之一是维持公共秩序。
61. abuse v. 滥用,虐待;谩骂He was charged of abusing a privilege. 他因滥用特权而被起诉。
62. academic a. 学术的;高等院校的;研究院的The question is purely academic. 这是一个纯学术性的问题。
63. academy n. (高等)专科院校;学会an academy of music  音乐学院Academy Award 金像奖
64. battery n. 电池(组)Our bus won't start because the battery is flat. 我们的大客车发动不起来了,因为电池坏了。
65. barrier n. 障碍;棚栏The police put a barrier across the road. 警察设了路障。
66. cargo n. (船、飞机等装载的)货We sailed from Perth with a cargo of raw ion. 我们装着一船生铁从佩思启航。
67. career n. 生涯,职业My grandfather was a career teacher; it's the only job he'd ever done.我祖父教了一辈子书,教书是他所干过的唯一的工作。
68. vessel n. 船舶;容器,器皿;血管There were many vessels in the harbor today. 今天港口有许多船只。
A pot is a vessel for holding food. 锅是盛食物的器皿。
69. vertical a. 垂直的Walls are usually vertical. 墙通常是垂直的。
70. oblige v. 迫使,责成;使感激The police obliged him to leave. 警方强迫他离开。
71. obscure a. 阴暗,模糊Is the meaning still obscure to you? 你觉得意思仍然不清楚吗?
72. extent n. 程度,范围,大小,限度I agree with you to some extent. 我部分地同意你。What is the extent of your garden? 你的花园有多大?
73. exterior n. 外部,外表 a. 外部的,外表的Paint the exerior walls of the house. 给房子的外墙刷漆。
74. external a. 外部的,外表的,外面的External causes become operative through internal causes.外因通过内因而起作用。
75. petrol n. 汽油
76. petroleum n. 石油
77. delay vt./n. 推迟,延误,耽搁The letter was delayed three days by the train accident. 这次火车事故使这封信耽搁了三天。
78. decay vi. 腐烂,腐朽Sugar can decay the teeth. 糖能蛀蚀牙。
79. decent a. 像样的,体面的a decent house 一所像样的房子
80. route n. 路;路线;航线We came by a longer route than usual. 我们走了一条比通常要长的路来的。
81. ruin v. 毁坏,破坏 n. 毁灭,[pl.]废墟She poured water all over my painting, and ruined it. 她把水全倒在了我的画上,把画毁了。We saw the ruins of the church. 我们看见了这座教堂的废墟。
82. sake n. 缘故,理由Never do wrong for the sake of money. 绝不要为金钱而做坏事。(搭配)for the sake of 为了…好处;为…着想,为了…缘故
83. satellite n. 卫星They receive television pictures by satellite. 他们通过人造卫星接收电视图像。
84. scale n. 大小,规模;等级;刻度They are preparing for war on a large scale. 他们正在大规模地备战。
85. temple n. 庙宇
86. tedious a. 乏味道,单调的,The work is tedious. 这工作令人厌倦。
87. tend vi.易于,趋向People under stress tend to express their full range of potential. 处于压力下的人容易发挥自己全部的潜力。
88. tendency n.趋向,趋势Prices continue to show an upward tendency. 物价呈持续上升趋势。
89. ultimate a.最大的,最终的 n. 极端What’s your ultimate objective? 你的最终目标是什么?
90. undergo v. 经历,遭受
91. abundant a. 丰富的,充裕的,大量的Iraq is abundant in petroleum deposits. 伊拉克石油储量丰富。
92. adopt v. 收养;采用;采纳They adopted our methods. 他们采用了我们的办法。
93. adapt vi. 适应,适合;改编,改写 vt. 使适应She adapted herself quickly to the new climate.  她很快就适应了这种新气候。
94. bachelor n. 学士,学士学位;单身汉He remained a bachelor all his life.   他终生未娶.
Are you a Bachelor of Arts?   你是文学学士吗?
95. casual a. 偶然的,碰巧的;临时的;非正式的
96. trap n. 陷阱,圈套 v. 设陷阱捕捉The police set a trap to catch the thief.   警察设下了捉拿窃贼的圈套。
They were trapped in the burning hotel. 他们被困在发生火灾的旅馆里.
97. vacant a. 空的,未占用的If that room is vacant, we can practice there.   如果那个房间空着,我们可以在那练习。
98. vacuum n. 真空,真空吸尘器His wife's death left him a vacuum in his life.   他妻子的去世使他的生活变得空虚。
99. oral a. 口头的,口述的,口的He will take an oral examination.   他将接受口试。
100. optics n. (单、复数同形)光学The optic theory originated with Einstein.  光学理论是爱因斯坦首创的。
101. organ n. 器官,风琴The heart is a vital organ. 心脏是维持生命必须的器官。He plays the organ in church. 他在教堂弹奏风琴.

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