II. Reading Comprehension (50 points)
Directions: In this part there are four passages. Each passage is followed by five questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a singer line through the centre.
After a day of work and play, the body needs to rest, enough sleep is necessary for good health .During this time, the body recovers from the activities of the previous day. The rest that you get while sleeping enables your body to prepare itself for the next day.
There are four levels of sleep, each being a little deeper that the one before. As you sleep, your muscles relax little by little. Your heart beats more slowly, and your brain slows down. After you reach the fourth level, your body shifts back and forth form one level of sleep to another.
Although your mind slows down, from time to time you will dream. Scientists who study sleep state that when dreaming occurs, your eyeballs begin to move more quickly (Although your eyelids are closed). This stage of sleep is called REM, which stands for rapid eye movement.
If you have trouble falling asleep, some people recommend that you breathe very deeply. Other people believe that drinking warm milk will help make you drowsy. There is also an old suggestion that counting sheep will help you fall asleep!
41.A good title for this passage is .
A. Sleep B. Good Health C. Dreams D. work and Rest
42.The word drowsy in the last paragraph means .
A. sick B. awake C. asleep D. sleepy
43.This passage suggests that not getting enough sleep might cause you to .
A .dream much often B. have poor health C. feel too nervous D. breathe very deeply
44. According to the passage, during REM, .
A. your eyes move quickly B. you dream C. you are restless D. both A and B
45. The average number of hours of sleep that an adult needs is _______.
A. approximately six hours B. around ten hours C. about eight hours D. not stated in the passage
Daniel Anderson, a famous psychologist, believes it’s important to distinguish television’s influences on children from those of the family. We tend to blame TV, he says, for problems it doesn’t really cause, overlooking our own roles in shaping Children’s minds.
One traditional belief about television is that it reduces a child’s ability to think and to understand the world. While watching TV ,children do not merely absorb words and images(影像). Instead, they learn both stated and implied meanings from what they see. Actually, children learn early the psychology of characters in TV shows. Further-more, as many teachers agree, children understand far more when their parents watch TV with them, explaining new words and ideas. Yet, most parents use an educational program as a chance to sit their kids in front of the TV set and do something in another room.
Another argument against television is that it replaces reading as a form of entertainment. But according to Anderson, the amount of time spent watching television is not related to reading ability. TV doesn’t take the place of reading for most children; it takes the place of similar sorts of recreation, such as listening to the radio and playing sports. Things like parents’ educational background have a stronger influence on a child’s reading. “A child’s rending ability is best predicted by how much a parent reads.” Anderson says.
Traditional wisdom also has believed that heavy television-watching lowers children’s IQ scores and affects their school performance. But here, too, Anderson notes that no studies have proved it. In fact, research suggests that it’s the other way around. “If you’re smart young, you’ll watch less TV when you’re older.” Anderson says. Yet, people of lower IQ tend to be lifelong television viewers.
For years, researchers have attempted to show that television is dangerous to children. However, by showing that’ television promotes none of the dangerous effects as conventionally(传统地) believed, Anderson suggests that television cannot be blamed without considering other influences.
46. By watching TV, children learn ______.
A. images through words B. both stated and implied meanings
C. more about images than words D. little about people’s psychology
47. According to the passage, an educational program is best watched by children______.
A. on their own B. with other kids C. with their parents D. with their teachers
48. Which of the following is most related to children’s reading ability?
A.Listening to the radio B. Watching television
C. Parents’ reading list D. Parent’s educational background
49. Anderson believed that_________.
A.the more children watch TV, the smarter they are
B. the younger children are, the more they watch TV
C. the smarter children are, the less likely they are more interested in watching TV
D. the less children watch TV, the better they perform at school
50. What is the purpose of the passage?
A. To advise that TV should be used for educational purposes
B. To describe the harmful effects of TV
C. To explain traditional views of influences that TV has had on children.
D. To suggest that television cannot be blamed for problems it doesn’t cause.
It was a cold windy day. A women drove up to the Rainbow Bridge tollbooth(收费站), “I’m paying for myself, and for the six cars behind me,”she said with a smile. One after another, the next six drivers arriving at the tollbooth were informed, “some lady up ahead already paid your fare.”
It turned out that women, Natalie Smith, had read something on a friend’s refrigerator:“Practice random(随意的) kindness and senseless acts of beauty.”The phrase impressed her so much that she copied it down.
Judy Foreman spotted the same phrase on a warehouse wall far away from home. When it stayed on her mind for days, she decided to drive all the way back to copy it down. I thought it was beautiful,” she said, explaining why she would write it at the bottom of all her letters, “like a message from above.” Her husband, Frank, liked the phrase so much that he put it up on the classroom wall for his students, one of whom was the daughter of Alice Johnson, a local news reporter. Alice put it in the news-paper, admitting that though she liked it, she did not know where it came from or what it really meant.
Two days later, Alice got a call from Anne Herbert, a women living in Martin. It was in a restaurant that Anna wrote the phrase down on a piece of paper, after turning it around in her mind for days.
“Here’s the idea,” Anna says, “Anything you think there should be more of, do it randomly.” Her fantasies include painting the classrooms of old schools, leaving hot meals on kitchen tables in the poor part of town, and giving money secretly to a poor old lady .Anne says, “kindness can build on itself as much as violence can.”
The acts of random Kindness spread. If you were one of those drivers who found your fare paid ,who knows what you might have been inspired to do for someone else later .like all great events, kindness begins slowly, with every single act. Let it be yours!
51. Why did Natalia Smith pay for the six cars behind her?
A. She knew the car drivers well. B. She wanted to show kindness.
C. She hoped to please others. D. She had seven tickets.
52. Judy Foreman copied down the phrase because she _______.
A. Thought it was beautifully written B. Wanted to know what it really means
C. Decided to write it on a warehouse wall D. Wanted her husband to put it up in the classroom
53. Who wrote the phrase down on a piece of paper according to the passage?
A.Judy Foreman B. Natalia Smith C. Alice Johnson D. Anne Herbert
54. Which of the following statements is closest on meaning to the underlined sentence in the passage?
A.Kindness and violence can change the word. B. Kindness and violence can affect people’s behavior
C. Kindness and violence can reproduce themselves D. Kindness and violence can shape people’s character
55. What can be inferred from the last paragraph?
A.People should not practice random kindness to those in need
B. People who receive kindness are likely to offer it to others
C. People should not practice random kindness to strangers they meet
D. People who receive kindness are less likely to pay it back to the giver.
Peter examined the box, and sure enough, it was completely covered in factory-sealed plastic. He saw a date of 1973 on the back of the box.
“You should put that up for auction(拍卖) on the Internet, and see what happens,”the salesgirl said.
“Yes, you’re right. People like something rare, ”Peter agreed,“I cant’s imagine there being very many unopened boxes of this game still around 40 years later.”
“Don’t forget to tell me if you sell it,” the salesgirl smiled.
“No problem,” Peter said.
After he got home, Peter went online to several auction websites looking for his game, but he could not find it. Then he typed in the name of the word game and hit SEARCH. The search result was 543 websites containing information about the changes of the games. Over the years, the game had been produced using letters in different sizes and game boards in different colors. He also found some lists of game fans looking for variety of the game. Peter emailed some of them, telling them what he had.
Two weeks later, Peter went back to the shop.
“Hello! Do you still remember the unopened word game?”
The salesgirl looked at him for a second, then recognized him and said, “Oh, hi!”
“I’ve got something for you,” Peter said, “I sold the game and made $1,000. Thank you for your suggestion,” He handed her three $100 bills.
“Wow!” the salesgirl cried out. “Thank you! I never expected it.”
56. Which of the following best describes the word game Peter bought?
A.It was made around 40 years ago B. It has game boards in different sizes.
C. It was kept in a plastic bag with a seal D. It had little pieces of wood in different colors
57. What did the salesgirl probably think of Peter’s word game?
A.Old and handy B. Rare and valuable C. Classic and attractive D. colorful and interesting
58. Peter got the names of the game fans from_________.
A.an auction B. the Internet C. a game shop D. a second-hand shop
59.What happened at the end of the story?
A.Peter gave the salesgirls $300 as a reward B. The salesgirl became Peter’s friend.
C. Peter returned the word game for $1,000. D. The salesgirl felt confused to see Peter again
60. What message can be learned from the story?
A.It’s important to keep a promise. B. It’s great to share in other people’s happiness
C.One should be grateful for the help from others. D. Something rare is not worth a large amount of money