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2020年陕西专升本英语要考的动词搭配

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2020年陕西专升本英语要考的动词搭配



陕西专升本大学英语考试可以双宾语的常用动词有哪些呢?一起和小编来看看吧!


(1)双宾语易位时需借助介词to的常用动词                          

award sb. sth. = award sth. to sb.    颁奖给某人

bring sb. sth. = bring sth. to sb.    把某物带给某人

hand sb. sth. =hand sth. to sb.    把某物递给某人

lend sb. sth. = lend sth. to sb.    把某物借给某人

mail sb. sth. = mail sth. to sb.    把某物寄给某人

offer sb. sth. = offer sth. to sb.    将某物给某人

owe sb. sth. = owe sth. to sb.    欠某人某物

pass sb. sth. = pass sth. to sb.    把某物递给某人

pay sb. sth. = pay sth. to sb.    付给某人某物(钱)

post sb. sth. = post sth. to sb.    把某物寄给某人

read sb. sth. = read sth. to sb.    把某物读给某人听

return sb. sth. = return sth. to sb.    把某物还给某人

send sb. sth. = send sth. to sb.    把某物送给某人

sell sb. sth. = sell sth. to sb.    把某物卖给某人

serve sb. sth. = serve sth. to sb.    拿某物招待某人

show sb. sth. = show sth. to sb.    拿某物给某人看

take sb. sth. = take sth. to sb.    把某物拿给某人

teach sb. sth. = teach sth. to sb.    教某人某物

tell sb. sth. = tell sth. to sb.    告诉某人某情况

throw sb. sth. = throw sth. to sb.    把某物扔给某人

write sb. sth. = write sth. to sb.    给某人写信


(2) 双宾语易位时需借助介词for的常用动词

book sb. sth. = book sth. for sb.    为某人预定某物

buy sb. sth. = buy sth. for sb.    为某人买某物

choose sb. sth. = choose sth. for sb.    为某人选某物

cook sb. sth. = cook sth. for sb.    为某人煮某物

draw sb. sth. = draw sth. for sb.    为某人画某物

fetch sb. sth. = fetch sth. for sb.    为某人去取某物

find sb. sth. = find sth. for sb.    为某人找到某物

fix sb. sth. = fix sth. for sb.    为某人准备某物

get sb. sth. = get sth. for sb.    为某人拿来某物

make sb. sth. = make sth. for sb.    为某人做某物

order sb. sth. = order sth. for sb.    为某人订购某物

pick sb. sth. = pick sth. for sb.    为某人采摘某物

prepare sb. sth. = prepare sth. for sb.    为某人准备某物

save sb. sth. = save sth. for sb.    为某人留某物

sing sb. sth. = sing sth. for sb.    为某人唱某物(歌)

spare sb. sth. = spare sth. for sb.    为某人让出某物

steal sb. sth. = steal sth. for sb.    为某人偷某物


注:有的动词后接的双宾语易位时,既可用介词to引出间接宾语,也可用介词for引出间接宾语,含义相同,如bring,play等:

Bring me today’s paper. = Bring today’s paper to [for] me.    把今天的报纸拿给我。

He played us the record he had just bought. = He played the record he had just bought for [to] us.    他放了他刚买的唱片给我们听。


有的动词后接的双宾语易位时,即可用介词to引出间接宾语,也可用介词for引出间接宾语,含义不同,如leave等:

They left me no food. = They left no food for me.    他们没给我留一点食物。

My uncle left me a large fortune. = My uncle left a large fortune to me.我叔叔死后留下一大笔财产给我。


而有的动词后接双宾语时,既不能用介词to引出间接宾语,也不能用介词for引出间接宾语,如allow, ask, cause, charge, cost, forgive, refuse等:

He allows his son too much money.    他给他儿子的钱太多。

He asked me some questions.    他问了我一些问题。

This caused me much trouble.    着给我带来了许多麻烦。

He charged me five dollars for a cup of tea.    他一杯茶向我要了5美元。

His mistake cost him his job.    他的错误让他丢了工作。

I envy you your good luck.    我羡慕你的好运。

They forgave him his rudeness.    他们原谅了他的鲁莽。

He refused her nothing.    她要什么就给什么。


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