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2018年陕西专升本英语真题

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3. 满分为150分,考试时间为150分钟。
 
Part Ⅰ Vocabulary and Structure (60 points)
Directions: In this part, there are 60 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
1. Hurry up, children! The school bus ________  for us.
A. waits B. is waiting C. waited D. was waiting

2. The parenting style ________ a strong influence on the character of the children.
A. have        B. having          C. to have      D. has

3. Mr. Morrison told the truth that the moon ________ around the earth once a month.
A. moves       B. move            C. has moved     D had moved

4. Your mother and I are looking forward ________ you at the graduation ceremony.
A. of seeing    B. for seeing      C. to seeing     D. to see

5. —Would you like to come and see a movie with me tonight?
—I’d love to, ________ I have to babysit my little sister
A. but         B. so              C. as           D. and

6. These plastic flowers look so ________ that many people may think they are real.
A. beautiful    B. natural         C. artificial     D. similar

7. They had to ________ a lot of noise while the buildings were under construction.
A. go in for    B. hold on to      C. put up with    D. keep pace with

8. The manager, together with his wife and two sons, ________ to arrive on the morning flight.
A. are        B will be           C. is           D. are going

9. It’s known that walking ________ of great help to older people.
A. is          B. are         C. be      D. was

10. It ________ me about three hours to get to your new company.
A. cost       B. used       C. spent    D. took

11. As we have no class this afternoon, let’s go and play table tennis, ________?
A. shall we    B. will we    C don’t we    D. aren’t we

12. We were all overjoyed at the news ________ the experiment turned out to be a success.
A. which      B. that      C. if      D what

13. ________ the football match started than it began to rain cats and dogs.
A. Hardly      B. No sooner    C. Hardly had     D. No sooner had

14. It is no use ________ to George as he is a very stubborn person.
A. talk       B. talking      C. to talk        D. to be talking

15. The sports meeting has been ________ until next week because of the bad weather.
A. put off    B. carried off    C. pulled off    D. taken off

16. This is the second time that Mr. Smith ________ the Great Wall, the first time being ten years ago.
A. visited     B. would have visited   C. has visited     D. is visiting

17. The Taylors ________ their idea of buying a piano because they moved to a smaller house.
A. gave in    B. gave up     C. gave away     D. gave off

18. The composition is very good          a few spelling mistakes.
A. beside    B. besides     C. except       D. except for

19. People usually ________ the lights before they leave the room in that company.
A. turn over     B. turn out     C. turn off     D. turn on

20. When we finally arrived, the secretary of the president’s office gave us a/an ________ introduction about the university.
A. chief     B. brief     C. main     D. abstract

21. The harder you work, ________ progress you will make.
A. much       B. many      C the more     D. the most

22. We can’t ________ people to change the habits of their lifetime over a short time.
A. agree       B. wait       C. expect       D. imagine

23.After dinner the minister made a short ________ at the press conference.
A. delivery     B. pronunciation     C. conversation    D. speech

24.The only thing ________ bothered Chris was that his boss never replied to his email.
A. which       B. that       C. what     D. as

25.Those who smoke ________ should remind themselves of their health the bad smell and the harm done to others.
A. hardly       B. heavily     C. strongly    D. seriously

26. They are considering ________ as the prices may go up.
A. of buying a house    B. with buying a house    
C. buying a house       D. to buy a house

27. Cecilia walks to the library not because she can’t ________ to take a taxi but because she wants to exercise.
A. afford    B. affect    C. offer    D. offend

28. ________we have finished the project, why don’t you take a week off?
A. But for    B. Ever since    C.  Now that    D. But that

29. When Elaine lived alone in Britain, she ________ bacon and eggs for breakfast.
A. was used to have    B. is used to having    
C. used to have had    D. used to have

30. Ann is very easy-going. She never loses her temper, ________ have words with others.
A. nor does she ever    B. nor she ever does   
C. neither she ever does    D. or does she ever

31. Although I have read the book assigned by the professor several times, I still can’t make any ________ of the last chapter.
A. meaning     B importance     C. significance    D sense

32. The teacher used a microphone ________ his voice could reach the back of the room.
A. so as       B. in order      C. so that        D. as that

33. Keith doesn’t like the king-size bed his wife bought the other day because it takes ________ too much space.
A. up     B. in    C. on     D. away

34.________ from the top of the building, the whole city looks very beautiful.
A. See     B. Saw     C. Seeing     D. Seen

35. ________ how to solve the mathematics problem, Stephanie asked her teacher for help.
A. Not known     B. Not knowing    C. Not to Know     D. Not know

36. English is ________ as a language of international communication throughout the world.
A. spoken    B. speaking     C. be spoken     D. to speak

37. The house needs ________ immediately, but it has to wait until next summer.
A. paint    B. to paint     C. painting     D. be painted

38. The two brothers are so much ________ and it is difficult to tell one from the other.
A. cute     B. equal    C. like   D. alike

39. The speaker raised his voice but still couldn’t make himself ________.
A. hear     B. to hear     C. hearing     D. heard

40. We regret ________ you that your application has not been accepted.
A. to have informed    B. to inform   
C. having informed    D. informing

41. Work harder, ________ we will not be able to finish the task as required.
A. but    B. while     C. or     D. therefore

42. ________, he is one of those who have made the most important contributions to the organization.
A. As he is young   B. Young as is he    
C. As young he is     D. Young as he is

43. Not that I don’t want to tell you the truth, ________ I don’t know about it.
A. but that     B. for that     C. and that     D. in that

44.I didn’t attend the lecture because I was sick, but I wish I ________ there.
A. had been     B. be     C. were     D. would be

45.By the time the course ends, ________ a lot about the American way of life.
A. we have learned    B. we’ll learn    
C. we are learning     D. we’ll have learned

46. It was ________ that they went for a picnic in the park last weekend.
A. so nice a weather    B. such nice weather    
C. nice weather so    D. too nice weather

47. She was about to lock the door when it ________ to her that she had left the burner on in the kitchen.
A. appealed    B. happened    C. occurred     D. struck

48.They will finish the task before the deadline ________ they are given enough time.
A. in that    B. as far as    C. as long as    D. in case

49. It is believed that too much ________ to the sun is harmful to the skin.
A. exposure    B. expansion    C. exhibition    D. extension

50. We appreciate ________ with Carl; he has a good sense of humor.
A. to work     B. working    C. to have worked     D. have worked

51. If you need any help during your study here, please do not ________ to ask.
A. hesitate    B. force    C. urge    D. request

52. The professor needs an assistant he can ________ to take care of problems in his absence.
A. count in    B. count up    C. count on    D. count out

53. Reading ________ the lines, I dare say that the government are more worried than they will admit.
A. behind     B. between    C. along    D. among

54. This time the day after tomorrow, they ________ on the beach, having a lot of fun.
A. am sitting    B. sit     C. would sit    D. will be sitting

55. The snowstorm could not stop the kids ________ playing in the yard.
A. from     B. on    C. upon     D. with

56. I caught a ________ of the car before it disappeared around the curve.
A. glare     B. glimpse    C. start    D. stare

57. The chief engineer insisted that the new model ________ immediately before exhibited.
A. to test    B. tests     C. be tested    D will test

58. In terms of price and convenience, online shopping is ________ to store shopping.
A. contrary     B. relevant     C. essential     D. superior

59. It is during his spare time ________ David has been working on building his motor bike.
A. when    B. that     C. which     D what

60. Time ________, we will arrange for the tourists to visit two or three more places of interest.
A. permit    B. permitting     C. permitted     D. to be permitted

Part II Reading Comprehension (50 points)
Directions: In this part there are four passages. Each passage is followed by five questions or unfinished statements. For each of them, there are four choices marked A. B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a sing line through the center.
Passage 1
    When I was growing up in America, I was ashamed of my mother’s Chinese English. Because of her English, she was often treated unfairly. People in department stores, at banks, and at restaurants did not take her seriously, did not give her good service, pretended not to understand her, or even acted as if they did not hear her.
    My mother has realized the limitations of her English as well. When I was fifteen, she would have me call people on the phone to pretend I was she. I was forced to ask for information or even to yell at people who had been rude to her.
    One time I had to call her stockbroker(股票经纪人). I said in an adolescent voice that was not very convincing. “This is Mrs. Tan.” And my Mother was standing beside me, whispering loudly, “Why he don’t send me cheek already two week lone.”
    And then, in perfect English I said: “I’m getting rather concerned. You agreed to send the check two weeks ago, but it hasn’t arrived.” Then she talked more loudly. “What he want? I come to New York tell him front of his boss.” And so I turned to the stockbroker again, “I can’t tolerate any more excuse. If I don’t receive the check immediately, I am going to have to speak to your manager when I am in New York next week.”
    The next week we ended up in New York. While I was sitting there red-faced, my mother, the real Mrs. Tan, was shouting to his boss in her broken English. When I was a teenager, my mother’s broken English embarrassed me. But now, I see it differently. To me, my mother’s English is perfectly clear, perfectly natural. It is my mother tongue. Her language, as I hear, it is vivid, direct, and full of observation and wisdom. It was the language that helped shape the way I saw things, expressed ideas, and understood the world.

61.Why was the author’s mother poorly served?
A. She was unable to speak good English.        B. She was often misunderstood
C. She was not clearly heard                  D. She was not very polite

62.From Paragraph 2, we know that the author was __________.
A. good at pretending                       B. rude to the stockbroker
C. ready to help her mother                  D. unwilling to phone for her mother

63. After the author made the phone call, __________.
A. they forgave the stockbroker              B. they failed to get the check
C. they went to New York immediately         D. they spoke to their boss at once

64. What does the author think of her mother’s English now?
A. It is confusing                  B. It is embarrassing
C. It is clear and natural                 D. It is intolerable

65. We can infer from the passage that Chinese English __________.
A. is clear and natural to non-native speakers
B. is vivid and direct to non-native speakers
C. has a very bad reputation
D. may put its speakers to inconvenience
 
Passage 2
In the fall of 1985, I was a bright-eyed girl heading off to Howard University, aiming at a legal career and dreaming of sitting on a Supreme Court bench somewhere. Twenty-one years later I am still a bright-eyed dreamer and one with quite a different story to tell.
My grandma, an amazing woman, graduated from college at the age of 65. She was the first in our family to reach that goal. But one year after I started college, she developed cancer. I made the choice to withdraw from college to care for her. It meant that school and my personal Dream would have to wait.
Then I got married with another dream: building my family with a combination of adopted and biological children. In 1999, we adopted our first son. To lay eyes on him was fantastic and very emotional. A year later came our second adopted boy. Then followed son No. 3. In 2003, I gave birth to another boy.
You can imagine how fully occupied I became, raising four boys under the age of 8. Our home was a complete zoo—a joyous zoo. Not surprising. I never did make it back to college full-time. But I never gave up on the dream either. I had only one choice: to find a way. That meant taking as few as one class each semester. The hardest part was feeling guilty about the time I spent away from the boys. They often wanted me to stay home with them. There certainly were times I wanted to quit, but I knew I should set an example for them to follow through the rest of their lives.
In 2007, I graduated from the University of North Carolina. I spent a total of 21 years getting my college degree!
I am not special, just single-minded. It always struck me that when you’re looking at a big challenge from the outside, it looks huge, but when you’re in the midst of it. It just seems normal. Everything you want won’t arrive in your life on one day. It’s a process. Remember: little steps add up to big dreams.
66. When the author went to Howard University, her dream was to be __________.
A. a writer B a teacher C. a judge D. a doctor

67.Why did the author quit in her second year of college?
A. She wanted to study by herself.         B. She fell in love and got married
C. She suffered from a serious illness       D. She decided to look after her grandma

68. What can we learn about the author from Paragraph 4?
A. She was busy yet happy with her family life
B. She ignored her guilty feelings for her sons
C. She wanted to remain a full-time housewife
D. She was too contused to make a correct choice

69. What does the author mostly want to tell us in the last paragraph?
A. Failure is the mother of success         B. Little by little, one goes far.
C. Every coin has two sides                   D. Well begun is half done.

70. Which of the following can best describe the author?
A. Caring and determined        B. Honest and responsible
C. Ambitious and sensitive.      D. Innocent and single-minded
 
Passage 3
It was the summer of 1965. De Luca, then 17, visited Peter Buck, a family friend. Buck asked De Luca about his plans for the future. “I’m going to college, but I need a way to pay for it,” De Luca recalls saying, Buck said, “You should open a sandwich shop.”
That afternoon, they agreed to be partners. And they set a goal: to open 32 stores in ten years. After doing some research, Buck wrote a check for $1, 000. De Luca rented a storefront (店面) in Connecticut, and when they couldn’t cover their start-up costs, Buck gave another $1,000.
But business didn't go smoothly as they expected De Luca says, “After six months, we were doing poorly, but we didn't know how badly, because we didn't have any financial controls”. All he and Buck knew was that their sales were lower than their costs.
De Luca was managing the store and going to the University of Bridgeport at the same time. Buck was working at his day job as a nuclear physicist in New York. They’d meet Monday evenings and brainstorm ideas for keeping the business running. "We convinced ourselves to open a second store. We figured we could tell the public, “We are so successful: we are opening a second store.” And they did in the spring off 1966. Still, it was a lot of learning by trial and error.
But the partners’ learn-as-you-go approach turned out to be their greatest strength. Every Friday, De Luca would drive around and hand-deliver the checks to pay their suppliers. "I drove probably two and a half hours and it wasn't necessary, but as a result, the suppliers got to know me very well, and the personal relationships established really helped out,” De Luca says.
And having a goal was also important. “There are so many problems that can get you down. You just have to keep working toward your goal,” Deluca adds.
Deluca ended up founding Subway Sandwich, the multimillion-dollar chain restaurant.
71. Deluca opened the first sandwich shop in order to __________.
A. support his family                    B. help pay for his college education
C. help his partner expand business             D. do some research

72. Which of the following is true of Buck?
A. He put money into the sandwich business
B. He was a professor of business administration
C. He was studying at the University of Bridgeport
D. He rented a storefront for Deluca.

73. What can we learn about their first shop?
A. It stood at an unfavorable place.
B. It lowered the prices to promote sales
C. It made no profits due to poor management.
D. It lacked control over the quality of sandwiches.

74.They decided to open a second store because they __________.
A. had enough money to do it
B. had succeeded in their business
C. wished to meet the increasing demand of customers
D. wanted to make people believe that they were successful

75.What contributes most to their success according to the author?
A. Leaning by trial and error.         B. Making friends with customers
C. Finding a good partner.         D. Funding subway sandwich
 
Passage 4
Telephone, television, radio, and the Internet help people communicate with each other. Because of these devices, ideas and news of events spread quickly all over the world. For example, within seconds, people can know the results of an election in another country. An international football match comes into the homes of everyone with a television set. News of a disaster, such as a flood, can bring help from distant countries. Within hours, help is on the way. Because of modern technology, information travels fast.
How has this speed of communication changed the world? To many people, the world has become smaller. Of course, this does not mean that the world is actually smaller. It means that the world seems smaller. Two hundred years ago, communication between continents took a long time. All news was carried on ships that needed weeks or even months to cross the oceans. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, up to six weeks would be needed for news from Europe to reach America. This time difference influenced people’s actions. For example, a few battles in the War of 1812 between England and the United States could have been avoided. A peace agreement had already been signed. Peace was made in England, but the news of peace did not reach America until after six weeks.
During the six weeks, the large and serious Battle of New Orleans was fought. Many people lost their lives after the peace treaty (条约) had been signed. They would not have died if the news had come in time. In the past, communication needed much more time than it does now. There is a good reason why the world seemed so much larger than it does today.
76. Thanks to __________we can get the latest news of events instantly from all over the world.
A. disasters B. Europe
C. ocean travel D. modern technology

77. __________would need six weeks a couple of hundred years ago.
A. The War of 1812 between the US and England
B. Agreeing on peace during the War of 1812
C. The Battle of New Orleans that wasn’t avoided
D. Ocean travel between Europe and America

78.Some battles in the war between England and America could have been avoided if ________.
A. people had signed the peace agreement sooner
B. the peace agreement had reached America earlier
C. the peace agreement had not been lost on the way
D. people of the two countries had taken some actions

79. What attitude does the writer hold toward the people who died in the War of 1812?
A. Curious B. Amazed C. Sympathetic D. Angry

80. Which of the following can serve as the most appropriate title for this passage?
A. Modern Technology and Communication     B. People Today in the Small World
C. The Unnecessary Peace Treaty             D. People in the Information Age
 
Part III. Translation (20 points)
Directions: In this part, there is one passage in English. Read the passage carefully and translate it into Chinese.
    Reading doesn’t just mean recognizing each word on the page: it means taking in the information, digesting(消化) it and incorporating (吸收) it into oneself just as one digests a sandwich and makes it a part of himself. The goal is to bring the information back to life, not just to treat it as dead facts on paper. Reading and writing cannot be completely separated from each other; in fact, the aim of reading is to express the information you have got from the text. People who can’t express an idea after reading a text is just as ineffective as those who haven't read it at all.
 
Part IV. Writing (20 points)
Directions: For this part, you are required to write a composition of 120 to 180 words. Your writing should be based on the title and outline given below.
On a Harmonious Dormitory Life

1.宿舍生活有时会出现不和谐的现象;
2.和谐宿舍生活的重要性;
3.如何创造和谐的宿舍生活。

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